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Tips on Chili Planting with Maximum Yield

Garden Tips
Chili plants grow well in warm and sunny tropical climates, with loamy soil, abundant organic matters and plenty of well-drained water. They do not survive well in cold climates.

In Tropical Climatethe sowing of seeds can be on any day the whole year round. Water once a day, gently, without displacing them. Sprouting takes place within one week! Transplanting could be done after four weeks when the seedlings are about three inches tall. They start bearing fruits around three months time.


To avoid infection
, ensure plenty of sunshine and use of fertile soil, so that the plants grow healthily. That leaves less room for infection to be effective. This is
similar to a healthy person being not so easily attacked by sickness
 

Care should be taken not to over-expose the plants to sunshine, either! Though plenty of sunshine pose a very conducive climate for growth, too much of it can burn the leaves causing sunscald. This will greatly reduce the fruit yield. To reduce sunscald effect, make-shift shades could be set up to cut down the sunshine.

 

In Cold Climate, chili plants grow very slowly and generally requires a long growing season. Chili plants need a minimum temperature of 17 C to thrive. Do not sow seeds outdoor during cold spells. Only six to eights weeks before the end of winter spells should one start sowing seeds indoor, and transplant on the onset of spring. It is best to warm up the soil by covering the soil with a sheet of black plastic, thick layers of newspapers, or by burying garden wastes around the roots.

                                                           

  Increasing Chili Yield

 
The number of chili pods borne by a chili tree will, at one stage, reach its maximum.
Therefore; to increase the yield during this maximum fruiting seasons, keep harvesting the fruits before they ripen fully on the plant and drop on the ground.
This would stimulate more flowering and fruiting while the fruiting mechanism in the plant try to maintain its maximum yield again.

 

 

See my harvest: A one-day harvest
from my garden with two healthy chili plants

 

 

 
Make sure the plant is healthy by manuring frequently. As an alternative to chemical fertilizers, garden wastes could be used. They can be withered leaves, grass, dead snails, prawn shelves and food remnants.


Dig circular tunnels around the roots, put in the garden wastes, then bury them with soil. Make sure not to hurt the roots. Constantly replenish the tunnel with new wastes to ensure good supply of nutrients to the plants

 

The Solanaceae family

 

Cherry pepper

 

Tomato

Eggplant

Red habanero

 

Chili pepper is one of the vegetables in the nightshade family, which also includes cherry pepper, tomato, eggplant, habanero, bell peppers and white potatoes. Do not rotate planting them on the same soil within a short period.

Do not plant chili plants on the same spot, the soil needs ample time to restore its fertility.
 



Take great efforts to avoid infection
. Chili leaves are highly susceptible to fungus, viruses and aphids. They also host a delicious  meal to the garden snails!
Chili plants are susceptible to aphids attack

Once infected, at the very initial stage, carefully bend the twigs and dip the leaves in a basin of solution made up of one teaspoonful of salt and one tablespoonful dish detergent. Make sure that both sides of each leave are dipped.

Do it twice a week to ensure effectiveness. It may sound tedious, but in actual fact, it only takes 2-3 minutes to dip the whole plant, twig by twig. Ha..ha.. I am only giving my humble advice on a home grown level, basing on my years of
chili planting experience.

This method proves healthier and more economical than using pesticide sprays. It is effective if you put in this extra effort! If you do not want to go through such hassle, then you need to spray with pesticides/fungicides. Otherwise, you just have to uproot the infested plants, discard before they spread to other chili plants.

 

 

 

 
  Chili harvest in Rajasthan India

 

Chili Planting in Climate Change Mitigation

Planting of chili to generate income for people who might otherwise turn illegal loggers. This avoids deforestation and reduce carbon dioxide emissions to save the Earth.


Related References:

Growing Peppers is Fun: Colostate.edu

Peppers: Urbanext.illinois.edu

Spice ( Chili ) Exports in India: Business.timesonline.co.uk

Chili Pepper Gardening: Webwonks.org

 
 

 

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